Community Development

Table of Contents
4.0 Community Development 
4.1 Why Is Community Development Important for Explorers? 
4.2 Using this Guidance
4.3 What Are the Community Development Challenges for Explorers? 
4.4 Summary of Recommended Practices 
4.5 What is Wealth Generation?
4.6 Recommended Practices 
4.7 Charitable Giving and Social Investment 
4.8 The Benefits of Partnerships 
4.8.1 Recommended Practices 
4.9 Corporate Leadership
4.10 What Are Governance Gaps?
   4.10.1 Recommended Practices
4.11 Frameworks and Planning Tools to Implement Guidance on Community Development and Well-Being 
   4.11.1 Partnership Assessment Tool 
   4.11.2 Exploration Agreements
   4.11.3 Social Impact Assessment
   4.11.4 Sustainable Livelihoods Framework
   4.11.5 A Human Rights Based Approach to Development


Community development involves different organizations and individuals in a community working collaboratively to improve the well-being of the community. The goals of community development include:

  • improving the health and prosperity of the community as a whole;
  • creating equitable conditions and outcomes for health and well-being;
  • fostering sustainable community initiatives;
  • fostering sustainable self-sufficiency for the people involved;
  • increasing personal worth, dignity, and value; and
  • building awareness of and resolving issues in the community.

The U.N. Millennium Declaration (2000) reflects universal recognition that all organizations - public and private have a role to play in contributing to the conditions that will enable all human beings to truly realize their right to an adequate standard of living and well-being. The Millennium Declaration was ratified by 189 heads of state in September 2000, and is considered one of the most significant United Nations documents of recent time. It provides a common vision for how to tackle the world's most important development challenges. The Declaration has resulted in eight focus areas for development, called the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). These are:

  • eradicate extreme poverty and hunger;
  • achieve universal primary education;
  • promote gender equality and women empowerment;
  • reduce child mortality;
  • improve maternal health;
  • combat HIV/AIDS, malaria, and other diseases;
  • ensure environmental sustainability; and
  • develop a global partnership for development.