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Survival

Table of Contents
8.0 Survival 
8.1 Risks and Hazards 
8.2 Responsibilities (Due Diligence) and Survival 
8.3 Prevention and Preparation for Survival Situations
   8.3.1 Attitude
   8.3.2 Knowledge 
   8.3.3 Equipment
   8.3.4 Confronting a Survival Situation
8.4 Survival Equipment Lists
8.5 General Advice for Survival Situations 
   8.5.1 Survival Advice for Cold Climate Conditions
   8.5.2 Survival Advice for Desert Conditions 
   8.5.3 Survival Advice for Forested Areas 
8.6 Priorities for Survival Situations 
   8.6.1 First Aid
   8.6.2 Location
   8.6.3 Shelter 
   8.6.4 Fire 
   8.6.5 Water and Food
   8.6.6 Signalling 
8.7 Search and Rescue (SAR) 
   8.7.1 Guidelines for the Lost or Injured Person
   8.7.2 Guidelines for the Project or Camp Manager
8.8 Resources

Introduction 

Mineral exploration employees often work in hostile terrain and weather conditions where the risk of facing a survival situation is higher than for the average person. A crisis may develop for individuals or crews on traverse, at a work location or during travel to and from a work site. A project drill site or a field survey crew could become isolated due to sudden storms, flooding, avalanche, forest fire, a whiteout or the loss of backup transportation (e.g., mechanical breakdown, the loss of a boat or helicopter). Field camps are vulnerable to fire, which can leave people with serious burns and without shelter, food, water, clothing, communication and transportation in temperature extreme conditions. Although people often ignore the possibility, a survival crisis may develop very near civilization. Therefore, employees need to take survival equipment on every job at all times.