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All Terrain Vehicles

Table of Contents
14.0 All-Terrain Vehicles (ATVs and Quads) 
14.1 Risks and Hazards 
14.2 Responsibilities (Due Diligence) Regarding ATVs
14.3 Safe Operating Guidelines for ATVs
14.4 Equipment Lists for ATVs
14.5 Inspection, Maintenance and Fuelling Guidelines
14.6 Training for ATV Operators
14.7 Safety Precautions 
14.8 Basic Safe Riding Skills
   14.8.1 Correct Riding Posture 
   14.8.2 ATV Controls
   14.8.3 Loads 
   14.8.4 Towing Trailers
   14.8.5 Transporting ATVs 
14.9 Safe Riding Strategies
   14.9.1 General Strategies
   14.9.2 Tips for Crossing Obstacles 
   14.9.3 Tips for Turning
   14.9.4 Tips for Climbing Hills
   14.9.7 ATV Retrieval Tips 
   14.9.8 Riding in Various Terrains
   14.9.9 Riding in Water
   14.9.10 Riding in Sand (Deserts or Beaches)
14.10 Utility Vehicles 
14.11 Resources

Introduction

Definition: All-Terrain Vehicles (ATVs) are a class of multi-wheeled vehicles; the most common types are 3- and 4-wheel machines. 4-wheel ATVs may be referred to as quads. Some, like the Argo, come with 6 or 8 wheels and are amphibious. 

The handling of ATVs (quads is very different from other vehicles, including 2-wheel motor bikes. Operating an ATV is “rider active” where the rider must use his or her body movements to help control the machine. The all-terrain design creates a higher centre of gravity and makes these machines more susceptible to overturning, particularly on corners or at high speeds. ATVs should not be operated without adequate instruction from a certified or experienced instructor. As ATVs are designed for off-road use and are permitted on public roads in only a few regions, riders should be familiar with local regulations regarding ATV.