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Mining conflict pathways and the roles of government, industry, communities and NGOs

Wednesday, March 7, 2018
Room 803
The incidents of mining conflicts have been on the rise for the past two decades and is one of the biggest challenges facing the global mining industry today. The development of a new mining operation and the benefits it should bring to local communities and governments can be delayed, or cancelled, due to conflicts that could have been avoided. In addition, conflicts can disrupt the social structure of communities and lead to violence. Mining conflicts primarily manifest themselves between industry and communities in and around mining operations. However, the drivers of conflict are much more complex and involve the interplay of multiple actors including companies, various levels of government, communities, and non-government organizations (NGO). Governments in particular can create environments that act to enable or inhibit mining-related conflict.

Recent research by the Canadian International Resources and Development Institute (CIRDI) and its partners, the United Nations Development Program and The Centre for Responsible Mineral Development, has involved a systematic analysis and documentation of the individual and collective behaviors of the players involved, their interrelationships and how they actually contribute to conflict situations over time. The research has involved field case studies in five countries, a literature review of 275 publications and a quantitative analysis of over 300 conflict incidents that occurred between 2002-2013. In particular, CIRDI and the UNDP have examined the role of host governments and public institutions in shaping the early narrative of conflict in terms of government actions and non-actions. Considering they play an important role throughout the entire resource development life cycle, understanding the role of governments within natural resource conflicts are essential prerequisites to improving conflict mitigation policies and management practices.

This workshop will examine the interplay between the main actors in resources conflicts with emphasis on the role of governments. The session will describe the results of the CIRDI-UNDP conflict study, present case studies from Africa and South America and include a panel discussion with representatives from a range of stakeholder groups involved in preventing and managing mining conflicts.
Chair: Canadian International Resources and Development Institute (CIRDI) and UNDP - New York
9:00 AM - 10:30 AM

Mining conflict pathways and the roles of government, industry, communities and NGOs

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